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Iran to solve oil crisis, with the upper hand in nuclear talks?

A full return of Iranian oil would have an effect, but does it give Tehran a major advantage in nuclear negotiations?

Tehran, Iran – Iran should use the opportunity provided by instability in the global energy markets and push its demands in nuclear talks in Vienna, a majority of Iranian lawmakers have suggested.

A statement signed by 160 of Iran’s 290 members of parliament was read out publicly on Sunday. It said Tehran should not bind itself by “fabricated deadlines” by the West and push for its demands in the talks in the Austrian capital.

Read Iran media blames Israel for plot to sabotage nuclear site

“Now that the Ukraine crisis has increased the West’s need for the Iranian energy sector, the US need for reduced oil prices must not be accommodated without considering Iran’s righteous demands,” the parliamentarians wrote.

They also called for “economic, technical and political” guarantees that the United States will not renege on the country’s 2015 nuclear deal with world powers again as it did in 2018, and said American sanctions must be lifted effectively and comprehensively.

Talks to restore the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), as the deal is formally known, have neared the finish line after more than 11 months.

But a last-minute Russian demand last week for a guarantee that Western sanctions over its invasion of Ukraine must not affect future dealings with Iran have thrown a successful conclusion to the talks into doubt.

Also read Iran: Russia’s demand for US guarantees incites nuclear talk

The E3 – France, Germany and the United Kingdom – on Saturday explicitly warned that the Russian demand could collapse the deal, saying “nobody should seek to exploit JCPOA negotiations to obtain assurances that are separate to the JCPOA”.

The US has also called the demand “irrelevant” and has said it will not grant it.

Iran, however, has refused to blame Russia, instead saying US demands and delays in political decision-making have stalled the talks.

Energy supply, priorities

The argument by Iranian legislators that negotiators should have the upper hand in Vienna now due to the current US energy requirements undercuts the same negotiating team, according to energy journalist and analyst Hamidreza Shokouhi.

“It’s like saying a few months ago, when the US didn’t have its current energy needs, our negotiating team might have backed down from some of its demands, which undermines negotiators who are largely of the same mind with the lawmakers,” he told Al Jazeera.

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Shokouhi said a return of Iranian oil to global markets could happen within months and could certainly have a noticeable effect on global supply and prices, as the country has both reserves at the ready and infrastructure in place to pump out more.

Iran used to produce about four million barrels of crude per day following the nuclear deal’s implementation in 2016, about half of which it exported, but is now producing just more than 2.5 million barrels, indicating a potential for increasing capacity, the analyst said.

But Shokouhi pointed out that despite having the second-largest natural gas reserves in the world, the country is not currently in a place to account for other countries’ natural gas needs as it is dedicating the overwhelming majority of its produced gas to increasing local demand and cannot immediately boost production significantly.

Moreover, he believes the West will prioritise its concerns over Iran’s nuclear programme over its energy needs which can ultimately be provided elsewhere.

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Iran maintains that its nuclear programme is strictly peaceful.

Oil concerns give Iran the upper hand in nuclear talks: Lawmakers  Al Jazeera English

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